Rizal’s works now part of public domain, copyright has lapsed — IPOPHL PDF Print E-mail
Sunday, 19 June 2011 15:07

Jose P. Rizal, national hero and a prolific writer, has lost his copyright over his writings and sculptures on December 30, 1946, thereby making his works form part of the public domain, the Intellectual Property Office of the Philippines (IPOPHL) said.

According to the IPOPHL, under the IP Code, copyright of authors and artists lasts during the lifetime of the artist and expires on the 50th year following the artist’s death.

Jose Rizal was executed on December 30, 1896, prompting the revolution that liberated the Philippines from Spanish colonial forces in 1898.
The IPOPHL, the lead government agency in charge of formulating policies on intellectual property such as copyright, is currently lobbying for the passage of a bill that will allow for the perpetual recognition of an author or artist’s moral copyright.

IPOPHL said that copyright has two aspects – economic and moral. Economic right pertains to the commercial benefits derived from the work, and may be waived, assigned or licensed away by the author or artist. The moral aspect of copyright pertains to the by-line or the right of the author to be recognized as such.

The IP Code currently limits moral rights of authors and artists to 50 years after death, the same term for the economic aspect of copyright.
Due to the lapse of Rizal’s copyright, his works now form part of the public domain and may now be freely used without the duty to pay royalties.