DSWD data show almost half of poor sector are women PDF Print E-mail
Sunday, 16 March 2014 14:22

The Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD) reported that women constitute 48 percent of 28 million poor individuals identified through the National Household Targeting System for Poverty Reduction (NHTSPR) or Listahanan.

Listahanan is a project of the national government that is being implemented by the DSWD. It is an information management system that identifies who and where the poor are nationwide.

In the 2009 assessment conducted by Listahanan, DSWD identified around 14.4 million poor women nationwide. Most of them were found in the provinces within the Autonomous Region of Muslim Mindanao (10.4%), Zamboanga Peninsula (6.5%) and Eastern Visayas (6.4%).

DSWD data further show that of these poor women, about 22.53% were unable to finish any grade level, while only 13.54% finished elementary, and 12.91% completed high school.

Consequently, without access to quality education, most women of working age were either laborers or unskilled workers (11%), farmers or fisherfolks (7.5%), or without occupation (66.4%).

Useful data

According to DSWD Secretary Corazon Juliano-Soliman, there are other uses of the database aside from being a resource for poverty data.

“The Listahanan has data up to the household level. It can provide social protection stakeholders the names of the poor women who are in need of assistance. Thus, its primary use is to be the basis for identifying beneficiaries of anti-poverty programs and services,” Soliman explained.

Government agencies, non-government organizations (NGOs) and local government units (LGUs) can also use the Listahanan database to develop the interventions addressing the needs of every segment of the poor population.

Since its launching in October 2011, a number of programs have utilized the database for beneficiary selection and development of programs addressing the problems of the women sector.

For instance, DSWD’s Pantawid Pamilyang Pilipino Program responds to the need of improving maternal health and access to education by children aged 0-14 years old. It is currently benefiting around 3.9 million poor households selected through the database.

Philhealth’s Sponsored Program, on the other hand, provides free health insurance coverage to the identified 5.2 million poor households.

The Commission on Higher Education’s (CHED) Student Grant-in-Aid Program for Poverty Alleviation (SGP-PA) complements the Pantawid Pamilya by providing college scholarships to high school graduates. In late 2013, the SGP-PA announced its plan to expand its beneficiary coverage from 4,041 students in 2013 to 40,401 students until end of 2016.