San Ramon penal farm historical marker unveiled PDF Print E-mail
Friday, 14 November 2014 14:33

Mayor Beng Climaco together with officials from the National Historical Commission of the Philippines (NHCP) and the Bureau of Corrections unveiled yesterday the historical marker that declares the buildings and structures at the San Ramon Prison and Penal Farm as a historical site.

No less than NHCP Executive Director Ludovico Badoy officially turned over the marker to the management of one of the country’s oldest prison facilities through Superintendent Emmanuel Narvaez.

Mayor Climaco and NHCP Research, Publication and Heraldry Division Chief Alvin Alcid stood as witnesses to the signing of the Certificate of Transfer between NHCP and the Penal Farm.

The marker reads: “Itinatag sa patronato ni San Ramon Nonato Colonia Penitenciaria Agricola upang palawakin ang agrikultura sa paggawa ng mga bilangong manggagawa, 31 Agosto 1870. Piitan ng mga nahatulang kalaban ng pamahalaang Espanyol. Kalauna’y dito itinapon ang mga nagkasalang Kristiyano at Muslim. Nasunog ang mga gusali sa labanan ng Pilipino at Espanyol, 1899. Ipinagpatuloy ng mga Amerikano ang pamamahala dito, 1901. Pinamunuan ng Moro Province, 1911, ng Department of Mindanao and Sulu, 1914, at ng Bureau of Prisons, 1915. Ginamit ng mga Hapon bilang piitan noong ikalawang digmaang pandaigdig. Isa sa mga unang kolongyang penal sa bansa.”

Established in August 1870 during the tenure of Governor General Ramon Blanco, the facility was where convicted enemies of the Spanish government were incarcerated and made to do agricultural work.

The buildings were destroyed in 1899 but the facility was re-established during the American era. — Claudine Uniana